As far as the impact of employment on educational outcomes is concerned, students who are intense workers (working >10 hours/week) tend to underperform slightly. Disengagement from schools may force the students to take longer job hours and such students may perceive the fiscal benefits of job as being superior to academic achievements. Student retention rates are higher if they are not allowed to work at all, or, if they are not allowed to work beyond the 10-15 hours/week limit.
As far as the reasons to take jobs are concerned, students take job because they:
- Wish to earn money
- Desire financial independence that leads to personal autonomy
- Intend to acquire experience (learning communication skills, self-confidence and various personal and social skills).
Regardless of the reason for taking a job, students often have to face simultaneous and conflicting demands that arise due to performance of multiple roles (e.g. roles of employee, student, parent, spouse, friend and so on), which result in exceedingly high levels of stress and ultimately leads to failure.
- You should understand that the capability to handle a part-time job during studies is not universal; many students cannot therefore handle a job during school year.
- Jobs that demand >20hrs / week are likely to affect the grades in a negative manner; such jobs should therefore be avoided.
- Remember! Doing less homework, underperformance manifested as lower grades and disengagement from school are often early signs of 'dropping out'.
- Students should try to save their earnings; those who start spending on personal luxuries often find themselves stuck in financial problems.
- Most jobs are stressful. Exercise is an excellent stress reliever; swimming, dancing, jogging or a brisk walk will help you lift your mood and relax.
- Share your concerns with a trusted family member or friends.
- Eat Healthy to get through stressful job days. Intake of small and more frequent meals helps sustain a constant flow of energy.
- Insomnia can be a problem in stressful workers. Get enough sleep by:
- Setting a regular bedtime
- Sleeping in a dark and quiet room on a comfortable bed
- Taking naps
- Increasing exposure to light during the day time
- Reserving your bed for sleep and sex only
- Avoiding huge meals, caffeine, alcohol and smoking at night
- Limiting the frequency of night-shifts
- Learn 'time-management' techniques and never over-commit to work.
- Learn to delegate responsibilities and prioritise tasks.
- Nobody is perfect; so resist the idea of becoming a perfectionist.
- Understand that not everything is under your control.
- Learn to communicate your concerns to fellow workers and helpful seniors.
- Where required, a work permit from the school should be obtained before a student starts a job. In such cases, the school reserves the right to revoke the permit if student’s grades start to suffer.
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